Wayne County, North Carolina
From ENC Phillips Group Wiki
Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 113,329 and in 2006 the population was estimated at 113,847. It is included in the Goldsboro, North Carolina, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its county seat is GoldsboroTemplate:GR and it is home to Seymour Johnson Air Force Base.
Prior to 1730, Native Americans were the only known occupants of the territory now known as Wayne county. Settlers trickled into the territory, but there was no general movement of immigration until after 1750. Wayne County was established on November 2, 1779 from the western part of Dobbs County. It was named for "Mad Anthony" Wayne, a general in the American Revolutionary War. The act, establishing the County, provided the first court should be held at the home of Josiah Sasser at which time the justices were to decide on a place for all subsequent courts until a courthouse could be erected. By 1782 the commissioners were named. In 1787 an act was passed establishing Waynesborough on the west side of the Neuse River on the land of Doctor Andrew Bass where the courthouse now stands.
Law and government
Wayne County is governed by a commissioner-manager system consisting of seven members elected to four-year terms. One commissioner is elected from each of six different voting districts in the county and one member is elected countywide. All seven members serve concurrent four-year terms. The partisan elections for the Board of Commissioners are held in November in even-numbered years. The Board elects a Chairman and Vice-Chairman from among its members the first meeting in December annually.
Wayne County is a member of the regional Eastern Carolina Council of Governments.
- Wilson County, North Carolina - north
- Greene County, North Carolina - east-northeast
- Lenoir County, North Carolina - east-southeast
- Duplin County, North Carolina - south
- Sampson County, North Carolina - southwest
- Johnston County, North Carolina - west
|Wilson County||Greene County|
|Wayne County, North Carolina|
|Sampson County||Duplin County||Lenoir County|
Cities and towns
- Mount Olive
- Seven Springs
- Walnut Creek
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,442 km²), of which, 553 square miles (1,431 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (11 km²) of it (0.74%) is water.
Wayne County's surface is level to gently rolling uplands with broad bottoms along the rivers and some creeks. Elevations are predominately 120 to 145 feet above sea level. The largest waterway, the Neuse River, bisects the lower central portion of the county and cuts a deep channel 20 to 40 feet deep as it flows in an eastward direction. Unusual river bluffs occur in the vicinity of Seven Springs. In addition to the Neuse River, the county is drained by the Little River, the Northeast Cape Fear River and numerous creeks.
Wayne County is underlain by unconsolidated beds of sand, clay and gravel. For the most part, these beds were deposited in seawater as the sea advanced and retreated during the geologic development of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. To a much lesser extent, streams deposited layers of sediment which mixed with that deposited on the sea floor.
The climate in Wayne County is characterized by warm summers and moderate winters. The average temperature is about 62 degrees. Annual precipitation is about 50 inches of rainfall per year, with the major portion occurring in the late spring and summer.
As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 113,329 people, 42,612 households, and 30,254 families residing in the county. The population density was 205 people per square mile (79/km²). There were 47,313 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 61.28% White, 33.02% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 4.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 42,612 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,942, and the median income for a family was $40,492. Males had a median income of $28,396 versus $21,854 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,010. About 10.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.
Wayne County's local industries are involved in a range of operations from simple assembly to complex manufacturing processes resulting in products ranging from bread and poultry feed to automobile parts and electric transformers. Substantial technological improvements in recent years involving modernization of plant facilities and the addition of sophisticated manufacturing equipment have resulted in enhanced profitability and productivity for many of the local manufacturing firms.
The combination of a mild climate, a freeze-free growing season of about 225 days and a wide range of soil types contribute to a highly productive agricultural area. Total gross farm sales in Wayne County in 2006 was approximately $329,082,138 USD. Field crops, including the primary crops of tobacco, corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat accounted for nearly 12% of the farm income or $38,583,389USD.
Income from livestock and poultry production was $236,287,547USD in 2006 and derived primarily from swine operations. Swine production has increased rapidly, making it the single largest source of farm income. In 2006 farm income from swine production was $75,409,690USD or 23% of all farm income. Wayne County ranks 7th in the nation for production of swine.
Seymour Johnson Air Force Base is home to the 4th Fighter Wing and 916th Air Refueling Wing. The annual civilian and military payroll is over $282 millionUSD. In fiscal year 2006 the economic impact at the base totaled over $460 millionUSD.
Public schools are administered by the Wayne County Public Schools system. The public schools include nine high schools and college preparation schools, eight middle schools and fourteen elementary schools. The county is also home to four private schools and one charter public school.
- Wayne Memorial Hospital (North Carolina), a medical facility located in Goldsboro, is the county's second largest employer.
- Cherry Hospital is a psychiatric hospital located in Goldsboro which first started in 1880 as a facility to treat mentally ill African Americans. A museum depicting its history is also part of the hospital campus.
- Air: Wayne County is served through nearby Kinston Regional Jetport (IATA: ISO, ICAO: KISO) with service to Orlando, Florida. Raleigh-Durham International Airport is the closest major airport with service to more than 45 domestic and international destinations. Goldsboro-Wayne Municipal Airport is an airport located in Wayne County, but is only used for general aviation.
- Interstate Highway: Interstate 795 (I-795) links Goldsboro to Interstate 95 near Wilson in Wilson County.
- Wayne County is not served directly by passenger trains. The closest Amtrak station is located in Selma.
- Bus: The county is served by Greyhound with a location in Goldsboro.
- The main highway in Wayne County is US 70, which offers access to the North Carolina coast and I-95.
- Other highways that run through the county include US 13, US 117, and NC 111, NC 222 NC 581, and I-795.
Newspapers serving Wayne County
- Mount Olive Tribune
- Wayne-Wilson News Leader
- Wayne County government official website
- Seymour-Johnson Air Force Base
- Wayne County Development Alliance
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia adapted for use as a quick research reference on this wiki. The original content was here: Wayne County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the ENC Phillips Group Wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|