Chowan County, North Carolina

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Chowan County
Chowan County, North Carolina
Founded 1668
The Bond House, Edenton, Chowan County, c. 1920

Chowan County was created between 1668 and 1671 as Shaftesbury Precinct and later renamed Chowan Precinct. It gained county status in 1739.[1][2]


During the American Civil War, the Albemarle Artillery was recruited in 1862 from Chowan and Tyrrell men at Edenton by local attorney William Badham, Jr.. After cannon were recast from bronze donated as bells from local courthouses and churches to arm the battery, the unit was renamed the Edenton Bell Battery. They named their cannon: Columbia, St. Paul, Fannie Roulac, and Edenton. Two of the guns, long thought lost, have been returned to Edenton in recent years. The St. Paul and the Edenton now can be seen on display at Edenton's waterfront park.[3] The county was named after the historical Chowanoc American Indian tribe, also called Chowan. [4] [5]


Chowan County is a deep rooted community of faith. Some of the churches in the community include:


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles (604 km²), of which, 173 square miles (447 km²) of it is land and 61 square miles (157 km²) of it (26.00%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Law and government

Chowan County is a member of the Albemarle Commission regional council of government


As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there were 14,526 people, 5,580 households, and 4,006 families residing in the county. The population density was 84 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 6,443 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 60.54% White, 37.52% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,580 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,928, and the median income for a family was $36,986. Males had a median income of $29,719 versus $19,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,027. About 13.70% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Chowan County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels


  1. "North Carolina: Individual County Chronologies". North Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2009. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  2. "Chowan County". State Library of North Carolina. January 1, 2006. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  3. "Edenton Bell Battery". Edenton Historical Commission. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  4. "Chowan County Profile". Website. epodunk. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  5. "Chowanoc Indian Tribe". Website. AccessGeneaology. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia adapted for use as a quick research reference on this wiki. The original content was here: Chowan County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the ENC Phillips Group Wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.